Getting Kids to Eat Healthy
I am frequently asked, usually on a weekly basis, by readers, friends, students, and colleagues about how I get my children to eat so healthy. I have written about this before in “Is Your Kid A Food Snob,” but the problem is so pervasive it is worth more of our attention as mothers and parents in general.
The problem begins early, starting with pregnancy. It is well known, but really only in the scientific community, that what mom eats during pregnancy affects lifetime food choices of her children. As mothers, getting our kids to eat healthy starts with us. I know, more pressure on us as mothers, but it is also a powerful privilege to know we, as mothers, have so much influence in our power.
Taste Development Starts In Utero
The Georgetown study confirms what a 2009 paper, published by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), first found – that “taste acquisition and preference starts in utero.”
“Mothers need to know that what they eat during pregnancy can influence what their children will eat for the rest of their lives,” Trout says. “This represents a real opportunity for women to reduce risk of nutritional disorders in their family.”
“The Georgetown professor says Dr. Julie Mennella, who pioneered research on flavor learning, suggests that pregnant women eating a lot of fast food and sweets can be a contributing factor to their children developing obesity and diabetes.”
Feeding your Family Healthy
But be encouraged, even if you didn’t have a whole food diet during pregnancy, the power of your influence can still be effectively wielded as a mother of young children. Read these fantastic posts by Wellness Mama:
- Food “Rules” To Cure Picky Eating
- Junk Food Everywhere…How to Get Kids to Eat Healthy Food
- Why Organic for Children
I believe the first and most important step to getting your kids to eat healthy is to model good behavior. For my children, this means explaining to them why I don’t eat candy, junk food, or fast food. It means they see me enjoying shopping for, preparing, cooking, AND eating healthy whole foods.
For example, I love brussel sprouts, artichokes, and spinach. Green veggies are just the first stop in modeling good food behavior for my children. But don’t get me wrong. We do enjoy our sweets! But here is where the modeling continues – when I bake cookies with my children, we talk about why we use organic flour, why we buy high quality, fair-trade, organic chocolate, why we use far less sugar and substitute molasses, and why we use more olive oil. We mix and stir and taste test together, and then we enjoy them together.
Cooking together is not a novel concept, but in America it is a lost value. Families don’t enjoy dinner as an “event.” Instead, many look at dinner as something to just “get through” or to “check the box.” They eat on the run, in their car, they pop processed, convenience food into the microwave, most of their food consists of opening cans, boxes, and packages; and they rarely cook a meal at home. In fact, I grew up much of the time with that modeling from my own parents.
However, when I became a mother, I knew I was going to change that.
Here are a few resources to help you ditch processed foods once and for all:
- 11 Reasons to Ditch Processed Foods
- The 15 Grossest Things You’re Eating
- Feed Your Family Safe: Buy Clean Food
Slow Food International is also trying to change that.
When I returned from Italy in 1998, after a solo trip as a gift to myself after graduate school, I was changed. I got to experience the “event” of dinner every evening, of lingering over a good meal with good wine, of seeing fresh markets everywhere and families shopping for their dinner on a daily (not weekly) basis.
This is the stuff of healthy living, I knew.
So when I returned to the US, I was determined to drop the American version of healthy (which at that time meant “low-fat” and “chemically-supercharged”). That is when I learned that Slow Food Italia had a sister, Slow Food, USA.
I encourage you to learn about Slow Food’s paradigm shift of ditching quick, convenience foods and instead, gathering around the chopping block every night with your family, and making dinner an event. “Kids have a right to good food, no matter where they live and how rich or how poor they are. They have a right.,” says a student of a stateside school involved in her school garden project.
Food is the sweet spot between tradition and innovation, richer and poor, young and old, pleasure and responsibility. Richard McCarthy – Slow Food USA Executive Director
Immediate Help for Moms
But the point of this post is to help moms immediately make a difference in how their children view food. Below are a few tips, including a few recipes and links I use for shopping. This is how I get my three boys, aged 7, 6, and 2, to love brussel sprouts, asparagus, broccoli, and a range of cultural foods my husband and I cook together with them.
First Stop: Shop Clean. Shop Green. Shop Local.
If you are in the Emerald Isle area where I live, email me to become a part of the local farm I order from on a monthly basis. Rainbow Meadow Farms delivers direct to my house, and anyone who orders splits the $10 delivery fee evenly amongst everyone. Supporting local business is important, and even more so when the farm treats their animals kindly, with respect, and without antibiotics and hormones that are harmful to humans. There is quite a bit of information out there supporting organic farming, and even Baby Center.com has gotten on board with recommending parents be more selective about their meat consumption. Joining a local coop can be another great way to support the growing trend of full circle return to organic farming. Read my recent post, Thinking Global, Acting Local.
Second Stop: Eat less meat, and when you do eat it, here are a few resources on why buying clean meat is important:
We don’t necessarily need to eat meat (we eat it once a week, or twice at most), but since so many Americans do, it is important we know how to do it to preserve our land for our children’s future, not just their health.
- Antibiotics in Meat: What you Need to Know
- Feeling Better Means Avoiding Meat’s Dark Side: What You Need to Know About Infection and Immune-System Bugs
Third Stop: Suggestions for making the switch to whole foods:
- Ditch the microwave. I have never owned a microwave, but when I married my husband I convinced him to get rid of his by getting him to agree to put it in our garage and see how little he used it over the next year. We did that, and he only used it twice, yes twice!, over the next 12 months. He then saw how easy it was to get rid of it. We have raised a family of five and have never once needed a microwave. It also helps not to have one because you will no longer be tempted to buy or eat those “quick, processed food” and “TV dinners” if it takes you 45 minutes to heat them up in the oven.
- Learn how to steam food. A good friend taught my husband and I how to steam the perfect rice about 4 or 5 years ago now, based on techniques the women in her family used to feed their very large extended family in India. We use it to reheat foods and is an easy and healthier substitute for the microwave.
- Ditch the following:
- Ditch palm oil – Palm Oil Not a Healthy Substitute for Trans Fats
- Ditch corn syrup – Five reasons high fructose corn syrup will kill you
- Ditch artificial flavorings – OSHA – Occupational Exposure to Flavoring Substances: Health Effects and Hazard Control (Personally, if OSHA deems them dangerous, then why are we feeding them to our children?)
- Ditch artificial dyes – The Potential Dangers of Artificial Dyes
Fourth Stop: Recipe Sharing
I was asked to share some recipes, and although I draw from many resources, here are a few to get you started.
- The Wellness Mama’s Recipe Links
- Superfood Smoothies (2 of my 3 children love smoothies from this book; the third one does also, but they have to include cacao for him.)
- The Benefits of Homemade Baby Food
- Foodily – If you want to follow me on Foodily, you get to have a peek behind the “curtain” and see what I actually cook for my family on a given night. Search Ginger Garner to find me. Note: I do make all recipes on Foodily organic, where it is necessary. So any recipe can be made non-GMO and organic, even though it doesn’t say so.
Last Stop: Shopping Resources
I live in a remote area where it is difficult to find quality superfoods like cacao nibs, chia seeds, and various fruit antioxidants powders frequently and nuts needed for recipes. Here are the websites I use to shop:
- http://www.nuts.com/ – They carry pretty much every staple you could possibly need for putting together superfood smoothies.
- http://www.amazon.com – They have a Subscribe and Save program and Amazon Mom program that gives you 20% off plus free shipping. Amazon Mom program
- http://www.vitacost.com – Healthy, organic staples are shipped for a $5 flat rate and free shipping over $49. I order everything from Tom’s toothpaste to essential oil soaps to chemical-free baby shampoos and conditioners and moisturizers.
Making meals events by cooking with your children are a wonderful way to instill a range of values – of eating healthy, spending time together, appreciating where food comes from, and of nurturing our own bodies and doing our part to keep the planet healthy too. Thanks to my Facebook friends for encouraging me to write this post. Happy cooking everyone!